Flora References

III. Flora References

 

Allaby, M.  1992.  The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Botany.  Oxford University Press, New York.

 

Benzinger J.  1994.  Hemlock Decline and Breeding Birds.  New Jersey

 

Audubon Society, Records of New Jersey Birds XX (1): 2-12.

 

Breden, T.F.  1989.  A Preliminary Natural Community Classification for New Jersey.  In, E.F.  Karlin (ed.) New Jersey’s Rare and Endangered Plants and Animals.  Institute for Environmental Studies, Ramapo College, Mahwah, New Jersey.

 

Collins, B.R.  and K.H.  Anderson.  1994.  Plant Communities of New Jersey.  Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

 

Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist.  1991.  Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada.  The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

 

Hough, M.Y.  1983.  New Jersey Wild Plants.  Harmony Press, Harmony, New Jersey.

 

Luer, C.A.  1975.  The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada.  The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

 

Montgomery, J.D. and D.E. Fairbrothers.  1992.  New Jersey Ferns and Fern Allies.  Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

 

Radis, R.P.  1994.  Threatened and Endangered Plant Survey of Picatinny Arsenal, Morris County, New Jersey.  Unpublished report prepared for Picatinny Arsenal and the New Jersey Office of Natural Lands Management, NJDEPE, Trenton, New Jersey.

 

Snyder, D.B.  1992.  Special Plants of New Jersey.  Office of Natural Lands Management, Division of Parks and Forestry, Department of Environmental Protection and Energy, Trenton, New Jersey.

 

Tiner, R.W.  1985.  Wetlands of New Jersey.  U.S.  Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetlands Inventory.  Newton Corner, Massachusetts.

 

Windisch, A.G.  1993.  Natural Community Inventory of Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey.  Unpublished report prepared for Picatinny Arsenal, U.S.  Department of Defense.  The Nature Conservancy, Eastern Heritage Task Force, Trenton, NJ

 

IV.  FloraCommon and Technical Names Observed

COMMON NAME / TECHNICAL NAME

 

American beech / Fagus grandifolia

American bittersweet / Celastrus scandens

American chestnut / Castanea dentata

American elm / Ulmus americana

American hornbeam / Carpinus caroliniana

Arrow arum / Peltandra virginica

Arrowhead, common / Sagittaria latifolia

Ash, swamp / Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Ash, white / Fraxinus americana

Aster, Schreber’s / Schreber’s aster

Aster, calico / Aster lateriflorus

Aster, hairy / Aster pilosus

Aster, heart-leaved / Aster cordifolius

Aster, white wood / Aster divaricatus

Aster, whorled / Aster acuminatus

Basswood / Tilia americana

Beechdrops / Epifagus virginiana

Birch, black / Betula lenta

Birch, river / Betula nigra

Birch, yellow / Betula lutea

Black cherry / Prunus serotina

Black huckleberry / Gaylussacia frondosa

Black Haw / Viburnum prunifolium

Black snakeroot / Cimicifuga racemosa

Blackberry species / Rubus spp.

Bladderwort, common / Utricularia vulgaris

Bladderwort, humped / Utricularia gibba

Blueberry, highbush / Vaccinium corymbosum

Brachyelytrum / Brachyelytrum erectum

Bristly sarsaparilla / Aralia hispida

Bugleweed / Lycopus uniflorus

Bulrush, linear / Scirpus lineatus

Bulrush, soft-stemmed / Scirpus validus

Bur-reed, slender / Sparganium americanum

Buttonbush / Cephalanthus occidentalis

Canada mayflower / Maianthemum canadensis

Carrion flower / Smilax herbacea

Cattail, common / Typha latifolia

Cattail, narrow-leaved / Typha angustifolia

Chokeberry, black / Aronia melanocarpa

Chokeberry, red / Aronia arbutifolia

Club-spur orchid / Habenaria clavellata

Clubmoss, shining / Lycopodium lucidulum

Clubmoss, southern ground-cedar / Lycopodium digitatum

Clubmoss, staghorn / Lycopodium clavatum

Clubmoss, tree / Lycopodium obscurum

Clubmoss, wiry / Lycopodium tristachyium

 

COMMON NAME / TECHNICAL NAME

Common boneset / Eupatorium perfoliatum

Coral-root, autumn / Corallorhiza odontorhiza

Coral-root spotted / Corallorhiza maculata

Deerberry / Vaccinium stamineum

Dogwood, flowering / Cornus florida

Dogwood, red osier / Cornus stolonifera

Dogwood, silky / Cornus amomum

Dotted Wolffia / Wolfia punctata

Downy rattlesnake plantain / Goodyera pubescens

Duckweed, lesser / Lemna minor

Duckweed, star / Lemna trisulca

Eastern hemlock / Tsuga canadensis

Elderberry / Sambucus canadensis

Lady’s-slipper, pink / Cyprepedium acaule

False Solomon’s seal / Smilacina racemosa

Fanwort / Caboma caroliniana

Fern, Christmas / Polystichium acrostichoides

Fern, cinnamon / Osmunda cinnamomea

Fern, crested / Dryopteris cristata

Fern, ebony spleenwort / Asplenium platyneuron

Fern, fancy / Dryopteris intermedia

Fern, fragile / Cystopteris fragilis

Fern, hay-scented / Dennstaedtia punctilobula

Fern, interrupted / Osmunda claytoniana

Fern, lace-leaved grape / Botrychium dissectum

Fern, least grape / Botrychium simplex v. tenebrosum

Fern, maidenhair / Adiantum pedatum

Fern, marginal wood / Dryopteris marginalis

Fern, marsh / Thelypteris palustris

Fern, matricary grape / Botrychium matricariaefolium

Fern, New York / Thelypteris noveboracencis

Fern, northern lady / Athyrium filix-femina

Fern, rattlesnake grape / Botrychium virginianum

Fern, royal / Osmunda regalis

Fern, sensitive / Onoclea sensibilis

Fern, southern beech / Thelypteris hexagonoptera

Fern, triangle grape / Botrychium lanceolatum

Floating heart / Nymphoides cordata

Fragrant raspberry / Rubus odoratus

Fragrant water lily / Nymphaea odorata

Garlic mustard / Alliaria officinalis

Goldenrod, silver rod / Solidago bicolor

Goldenrod, blue-stemmed / Solidago caesia

Goldenrod, Canada / Solidago Canadensis

 

COMMON NAME / TECHNICAL NAME

Goldenrod, grass-leaved / Euthamia graminifolia

Goldenrod, zig-zag / Solidago fliexicaulis

Greenbriar / Smilax rotundifolia

Hairgrass / Deschampsia flexuosa

Helleborine / Epipactis helleborine

Indian pipe / Monotropa uniflora

Jack-in-the-pulpit / Arisaema triphyllum

Japanese Barberry / Berberis thunbergii

Jewelweed / Impatiens capensis

Lady’s-slipper, yellow / Cyprepedium calceolus v. pubescens

Large whorled pogonia / Isotria verticellata

Laurel, mountain / Kalmia latifolia

Laurel, sheep / Kalmia angustifolia

Little bluestem / Schizachyrium scoparium

Lousewort / Pedicularis canadensis

Maple, box elder / Acer negundo

Maple, red / Acer rubrum

Maple, sugar / Acer saccharum

Maple-leaved viburnum / Viburnum acerifolium

Milfoil, low / Myriophyllum humile

Milfoil, spiked / Myriophyllum spicatum

Milkweed, common / Asclepias syriaca

Milkweed, Poke / Asclepias exaltata

Milkweed, swamp / Asclepias incarnata

Naiad / Najas flexilis

Nannyberry / Viburnum lentago

Oak, black / Quercus velutina

Oak, chestnut / Quercus prinus

Oak, pin / Quercus palustris

Oak, red / Quercus rubra

Oak, scarlet / Quercus coccinea

Oak, swamp white / Quercus bicolor

Oak, white / Quercus alba

Partridgeberry / Mitchella repens

Peat moss species / Sphagnum spp.

Pickerel weed / Pontedaria cordata

Pinxter flower / Rhododendron periclymenoides

Pondweed, curly / Potamogeton crispus

Pondweed, floating / Potamogeton natans

Pondweed, leafy / Potamogeton foliosus

Pondweed, long-leaved / Potamogeton nodosus

Pondweed, small / Potamogeton pusillus

Purple loosestrife / Lylthrum salicaria

Quaking aspen / Populus tremuloides

Quillwort, Engelmann’s / Isoetes engelmannii

Quillwort, spiny-spored / Isoetes echinospora

Ragged-fringed orchid / Habenaria lacera

Rush, bayonet / Juncus militaris

Rush, Canada / Juncus canadensis

Rush, chairmaker’s / Scirpus americana

Rush, marginal / Juncus marginatus

 

COMMON NAME / TECHNICAL NAME

Rush, soft / Juncus effusus

Rush, toad / Juncus bufonius

Sassafras / Sassafras albidum

Sedge, bladder / Carex intumescens

Sedge, bottle-brush / Carex comosa

Sedge, broad-leaved / Carex platyphylla

Sedge, follicled / Carex folliculata

Sedge, fox / Carex vulpinoidea

Sedge, fringed / Carex crinita

Sedge, Gray’s / Carex grayii

Sedge, hop / Carex lupulina

Sedge, inflated / Carex vesicaria

Sedge, loose-flowered / Carex laxiflora

Sedge, lurid / Carex lurida

Sedge, Pennsylvania / Carex pennsylvanica

Sedge, silvery / Carex canescens

Sedge, slender / Carex gracillima

Sedge, Swan’s / Carex swanii

Sedge, tussock / Carex stricta

Shadbush / Amelanchier canadensis

Shagbark hickory / Carya ovata

Smartweed, Pennsylvania / Polygonum pennsylvanica

Smartweed, water / Polygonum amphibium

Smooth alder / Alnus serrulata

Solomon’s seal / Polygonatum biflorum

Sour gum / Nyssa sylvatica

Southern arrowwood / Viburnum dentatum

Spatterdock / Nuphar advena

Spatterdock, streaked / Nuphar variegata

Spicebush / Lindera benzoin

Spotted Joe-pye weed / Eupatorium maculatum

Spotted wintergreen / Chimaphila maculata

Spring beauty / Claytonia virginica

Starved panic grass / Panicum depauperatum

Swamp azalea / Rhododendron viscosum

Swamp rose / Rosa palustris

Sweet pepperbush / Clethra alnifolia

Switchgrass / Panicum virgatum

Trailing arbutus / Epigaea repens

Trout lily / Erythronium americanum

Tulip tree / Liriodendron tulipifera

Water shield / Brassenia schreberi

White snakeroot / Eupatorium rugosum

Wild grape / Vitis aestivalis

Willow, silky / Salix sericea

Winterberry / Ilex verticellata

Wintergreen / Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen, spotted / Chimaphila maculata

Witch hazel / Hamamelis virginiana

Wood rush / Luzula acuminata

Wool grass / Scirpus cyperinus